Caving Guides
Phreatic tube with bell holes

Types of Cave Passages: Advanced illustrated guide

Written by Jim Belt

Phreatic tube, rifts, drain shaft - if you're interested in how cave passages come to shape, this article is for you. For each type of passage I'll briefly discuss how it's formed and what it looks like. From now on, identify any type of cave formation using my illustrated guide below.

Picture of speleologist working in a passage

Everything You Need to Know to Become a Speleologist

Written by Jim Belt

Do you want to get paid for caving? Me too: so badly that I've done the research and created this guide. It takes some effort to build your cave exploring career, but it can be done. You need to become a speleologist. In this article I explain how to do it.

Very old cave map

How to Read a Cave Map: Illustrated guide to all symbols

Written by Jim Belt

Creating and reading cave maps is one of the most important skills for cavers and speleologists. But how to read one? In this article, I'll explain how to do it step by step.

How Dangerous Is Caving Really? - Facts, not opinions

Written by Jim Belt

The first question many people ask me when I say I'm a caver: "isn't that dangerous?" I've never particularly felt at risk, but I guess it depends on how responsible you are, and how well you're prepared. So is it - dangerous? In this article, I talk facts, not opinions.

Satellite image of heavy karst erosion

Cave exploration: How to Actually Find a Cave?

Written by Jim Belt

In my region (Netherlands) there are few caves to explore. Sometimes you need to find them yourself, or you suspect there's one on your land. But how do you spot caves? In this article we'll dive into some tips on discovering potential cave-rich areas, how to do ground research, how to find them, and what to do with them afterwards.

Photo of cave exit with stairs at the Golden Dome Cave in California

How to Escape a Cave?

Written by Jim Belt

I've never gotten lost, fortunately, but many have, and they have a lot of tricks to get out and stay safe. Want to find out how to do it? You're in the right place. The short version: